Ulcerative colitis is an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Inflammatory bowel disease is a cluster of disease that affects the gastrointestinal tract. Ulcerative colitis developed when the lining of large intestine and rectum becomes inflamed. Tiny sores, known as ulcers are developed on the lining of the colon due to this inflammation.
This inflammation starts in the rectum and then spreads upwards. The entire colon can effect by the inflammation. The ulcers may discharge pus and mucus and sometimes causes bleeding. Ulcerative colitis affects people of all ages but mostly diagnosed in the people aged 15 to 35. Causes of Ulcerative Colitis includes abnormal immune system, environmental impact etc.
- Stomach pain
- Bloody stools
- Rectal pain
- Increased abdominal sounds
- Weight loss
- Mal-nutrition or low appetite
- Joint pain
- Sore mouth
- Skin problems
Ulcerative colitis may increases the risk of colon cancer. The longer person has the disease, the higher the risk of cancer. If a person suffered with Ulcerative colitis then regular screening can help to reduce the risk of colon cancer.
Risk factors of Ulcerative colitis
- Blood infection or sepsis
- Thickening of the intestine wall
- Severe dehydration
- Liver disease
- Rapidly swelling colon
- Kidney stones
- Intestinal bleeding
- Rupture of colon
- Stool test
- CT scan
Blood test is highly recommended and useful test for Ulcerative colitis. Ulcerative colitis is a chronic condition and its treatment involves drug therapy or surgery. The doctor prescribes medication for reducing swelling and inflammation. Apart that, a person should follow these guidelines to stay fit.
- Drink small portion of the water whole day
- Eating mini meals whole day
- Avoid fatty or oily food
- Permit the intake of high fiber food
- Avoid milk if suffered with lactose intolerance
Dr. N. P. Kamalesh, Laparoscopic Gastro Surgeon in Kochi is a well-known for the treatment of Ulcerative colitis and other urination infections. The clinic prefers medical therapy over surgery.
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