Monday, 21 November 2016

Spot Cancer Early and Save Your Life

A gallbladder is located beneath the liver on the right side of the upper abdomen. The liver secretes a dark green fluid called bile that is stored in the gall bladder.  Bile is important to break down the food components into nutrients which are absorbed by the intestines.

Gallbladder Cancer is rare cancer that occurs in the tissue lining of the gall bladder. Though the causes for the GB cancer are unknown the risk factors for developing the hectic disease are detailed:
  • Porcelain gallbladder: In this condition calcium forms in the gallbladder wall and people with such condition have an increased chance of developing gallbladder cancer.
  • Gallstones and inflammation: Patients with the history of gallstones or gallbladder inflammation are prone to Gallbladder cancer.
  • Abnormal bile ducts: People who have congenital abnormalities of the bile ducts
  • Smoking: People who smoke frequent cigarettes
  • Obesity: Obesity increases the risk
  • Polyps: Presence of benign tumors in the gall bladder
Gall bladder cancer symptoms:
  • Fever with shivering and chills
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Loss of appetite and weight loss
  • Pain in the upper abdomen
  • Jaundice
  • Lump in the abdomen
  • Stomach bloating
Physical Examination: Through physical testing, physician can trace the abdominal lump
Blood Tests: Anemia, albumin levels are detected
Ultrasound: It helps to analyze the gall bladder status; any suspected mass within the organ
CT scan
Treatment depends on the stage of the disease, patient age, health and the time of diagnosis.
Surgery: Surgery is generally recommended in the early stage of gallbladder cancer. Removal of the gall bladder and the adjacent tissues, lymph node saves the patient from fatal. Sometimes liver surgery will be accompanied with gall bladder removal depends on the stage.
Surgical biliary bypass: During the surgery, if difficulty has been faced to remove the tumor entirely, then the surgeon will perform a bypass to relieve jaundice.
Endoscopy and Stent placement: This endoscopic procedure helps to drain the bile from the intestines. This will be performed at the end stage of cancer. With the help of endoscopy, a metallic expandable stent is placed into the bile duct.

Chemotherapy and Radiation therapy: These therapies are usually administered after the surgery.
PVS Memorial Hospital, Cochin offers excellent treatments for all Gastrointestinal Problems particularly Gallbladder cancer patients are well diagnosed and treated successfully.

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Liver Cancer Treatment in Kochi

The liver is one of the major organs of the body situated in the abdomen just beneath the ribs. It is responsible for production of bile which helps to break down the food particles into nutrients suitable for absorption. It is responsible for the conversion of absorbed nutrients into different forms of energy. It is also responsible for production hormones and other vital proteins which are essential for human body. Apart from these, it is responsible for metabolism control and production of required proteins necessary for blood clotting.

The liver is primarily affected by cancer which may arise in the liver or in other parts of the body which may spread to the liver. Most of the times liver cancer is metastatic which means the liver is affected by cancer caused in other body parts. Liver Cancer does not mean tumors formed in different parts of the liver. As the liver is made up of different types of cells, most of the tumors formed in the liver are benign. These types of tumors include cysts, fibroma, hemangioma, hepatic adenoma and focal nodular hyperplasia. All these tumors are easily curable by ultrasound and surgical treatments. Serious liver cancers include HCC (hepatocellular carcinoma) and cholangiocarcinoma.

It is difficult to detect liver cancer at an early stage as most of the liver cancers will not show symptoms at an early stage. As the tumor grows, following symptoms are visible in people:
  • Abdomen swelling
  • Weight lossLoss of appetite
  • The color change of eyes and skin to yellow.
  • Feeling pain on the right side of the abdomen.
  • Weakness.
Liver cancer can be detected by proper diagnosis. One can detect liver cancer by undergoing a blood test, which detects abnormalities in the functioning of the liver. An imaging test is another best way to detect liver cancer. Imaging tests include MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) and CT (computerized tomography) and ultrasound test. Another major test which can diagnose liver cancer is  biopsy. By undergoing liver biopsy test, one can detect liver cancer.
Based on the age and severity of the disease, different types of treatments are offered to cure liver cancer. If the tumor is in an early stage, it can be removed by surgery. If the liver is adversely affected by cancer then liver transplantation is a suggestible treatment to cure liver cancer. Ablation therapy, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy are some other treatments adopted based on the severity of the disease.
The hospital offers best Liver Cancer Treatment in Kochi with the help of dedicated team of doctors and other staff.

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Tuesday, 20 September 2016

Know About Cancer and Get Better Treatment

Other than destroying the physical health of a person, fear factor associated with cancer affects the mental condition of a person also. Pancreatic Cancer is categorized as dangerous by medical science. 
Pancreas is an organ in the abdominal cavity behind the stomach. This is associated with the production of hormones like insulin, somatostatin, and glucagon etc. Pancreatic cancer is characterized by the abnormal growth of cancerous cells in the organ which  spreads rapidly and damages surrounding organs too. This is difficult to diagnose at the early stage and factors like genetics, heavy smoking, age, eating highly processed food items, obesity, and chronic pancreatitis  acts as a catalyst in its swift growth.  


Symptoms of Pancreatic Cancer are:
  • Lack of appetite
  • Jaundice
  • Feeling of vomiting
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Intermittent pain in upper abdomen
  • Weakness

Diagnosis and treatment:

It is very difficult to detect pancreatic cancer in its beginning. In most of the cases, people tend to consult doctors when symptoms will be visible. Blood test, Imaging tests, Endoscopic Ultrasound and Biopsy are the usual tests done to ascertain the presence of pancreatic cancer. The treatment procedure include:

Whipple’s procedure : This procedure is done when cancer affects the head of the pancreas. In the last stages, it may affect adjacent blood vessels too, in that case,  it is removed and reconstructed.

Distal pancreatectomy : This procedure is done to cure cancer in the body and tail of the pancreas.

Stent Placement of Surgical Bypass: In the situations like, the patient is aged, surgery may lead to his death. In that case doctor will place a stent or metallic tube to reduce jaundice or vomiting .

Chemotherapy: In this, a  single drug or a combination of drugs will be given orally or through injection to eliminate the cancer cells. It can be given before or after the surgery.

Radiation : It uses, high-intensity X-rays to burn out the cancer cells. It is given externally after the surgery according to the stage of the tumor.

PVM Hospital offers best Pancreatic Cancer Treatment in Cochin. The doctors and other staff ensure best possible treatment with the help of latest technology to patients.

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Friday, 8 July 2016

Cure Your Appendicitis

Appendicitis can be defined as the inflammation of 3.5 inch long tube of tissue extending from large intestine. This tube known as appendix is already in one's body, but the real function of this tube is unknown. A human can live better even without this tube of tissue.
In worldwide, every 15 in 100 may suffer from the problem of appendicitis. At its adverse cases appendix is removed from the body. If untreated this may burst and create infections in our body.


Causes of Appendicitis:

Many times the causes of appendicitis is unknown. Sometimes a single case of appendicitis may have more than one causes. The actual cause is obstruction of appendix tube. This blockage can be because of stool or feces, foreign body, worms, trauma or even cancer. Some infections can also be the cause of appendicitis. The appendix tube may start swelling as response to some infections, leading to appendicitis. These obstruction may help the bacteria to multiply and this may create pus in the tube. Filling up of pus in the tube may generate a painful pressure. This pressure can compress the local blood vessels in the area. The lack of blood flow will create gangrene.


Symptoms for Appendicitis:

People suffering from appendicitis may exhibit following symptoms;
  • Severe pain in upper or lower abdomen, back or belly button
  • Loss of appetite
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Fever at 99-102 degrees Fahrenheit
  • Abdominal swelling
  • Sudden pain in navel which gradually shifts to the lower right abdomen
  • Painful urination
  • Pain that get worsen when you cough, walk or make other movements

Treatment for Appendicitis:

The treatment for appendicitis is dependant on the severity of the cases. In certain cases which are not that serious, this can be cured with medications like antibiotics, painkillers and liquid diet. But in most cases which are very severe, it is urgent to adopt the surgical removal of appendix immediately, known as appendectomy. The symptoms of appendicitis should never be ignored because once the inflammation gets burst the pus will spread in the abdominal cavity leading to hazardous infections, getting you a medical emergency.

Prevention steps for Appendicitis:

Prevention of appendicitis through a defined method is not yet known. But its is less common in people who take high fibre in their diet. Maintaining a proper and healthy diet can help you keep the appendicitis away to an extend.

Dr.N P Kamalesh, a gastrointestinal surgeon grants you the best appendicitis treatment in Kerala. He is an expert in carrying the effective appendix operation in Kochi and appendix removal in Kerala. This highly professional and skilled surgeon has always aimed to meet the needs of his patients at its complete manner.

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Tuesday, 28 June 2016

Stomach Cancer Treatment in Kochi

Cancer is the abnormal growth of cells. Stomach cancer is seen in tissues lining the stomach, here the cells inside the stomach multiply unconditionally and spread to other organs. Stomach cancer is also known as gastric cancer. Usually older people are affected with  stomach cancer. Dr.N.P.Kamalesh is one of the best gastro surgeon in Kochi, who also provides the best stomach cancer treatment in Kerala.

Symptoms of stomach cancer at early stages
  • Loss of appetite
  • Heartburn
  • Vomiting sensation
  • Indigestion
As the tumors grow the symptoms also changes

  • Stomach pain
  • Excessive weight loss
  • Changes in the skin colour
  • Constipation
  • Tiredness
  • Vomiting
  • Traces of blood in stool.

Causes: The exact cause of stomach cancer is unknown. Scientists believe that it may be due to changes in lifestyle.
  • Smoking
  • Overweight
  • Exposure to chemicals
  • Diet rich in salty and acidic foods
  • Working in coal mine, timber or rubber industries.
There are various methods to treat stomach cancer, depending of the stage of  your cancer the following methods can be adopted.
1.Surgery: Here, the cancer cells are removed. This is done to prevent the further spread of cancer.
2.Chemotherapy: It  is the process of destroying cancer cells using drugs..
3.Radiation: Here, high energy waves are applied to the tumor so as to shrink it.
4.Chemo radiation: Here, doctor uses the combination of both chemotherapy and radiation to destroy the tumor.
If you are experiencing any of the mentioned symptoms for a long time, then don't wait. Take help of the right person at  right time. Dr.N.P.Kamalesh is here to help you. He is one of the best laparoscopic surgeon in Kochi. Currently his service can be availed from PVS Memorial Hospital, Cochin at an affordable price. 


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Tuesday, 17 May 2016

Liver Cancer Treatment in Kochi

Liver is a vital organ sits on the right side of the belly that performs many functions in the human body including making proteins and blood clotting factors, glycogen synthesis, manufacturing triglycerides and cholesterol and bile production. An average adult liver weighs about three pounds. Different diseases can occur in the liver like Hepatitis, Cirrhosis (Scarring), Cancers and damage by medications or toxins.

Liver Cancer
Liver cancer is a condition where abnormal cells are generated in the liver which will shows an abnormal behaviour. The cancer cells can then spread both to other areas of the liver and to organs outside the liver.

Liver cancer can be caused by number of reasons. Most chronic liver diseases such as Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, Cirrhosis scars the liver and increases the risk for liver cancer. Factors like environmental, dietary, or lifestyle may also cause liver cancer.

Liver Cancer Treatment in Kochi

Signs and Symptoms

In most cases, primary liver cancer don’t show any sign and symptoms in the early stages. Some of the symptoms includes
  • Loss of appetite 
  • Upper abdominal pain 
  • Nausea and vomiting 
  • Abdominal swelling 
  • General weakness and fatigue 
  • White, chalky stools 
  • Yellow discoloration of your skin and whites of your eyes 
Diagnosis and Treatment procedure

Number of tests and procedures are available for diagnosing liver cancer. Some of them includes
  • Blood tests - Blood test may reveal liver function abnormalities 
  • Imaging tests - Image testing such as ultrasound, CT Scan, MRI 
  • Liver Biopsy - Doctor may remove a piece of liver tissue for laboratory testing in order to make a definitive diagnosis of liver cancer. 
Treatment procedures for liver cancer
  • Surgery - If the cancerous tumors are relatively small in size, surgery is adopted. 
  • Liver Transplant - A cancer infected liver is replaced with a healthier liver from another person. 
  • Radiation Therapy - Powerful radiation rays are used for destroying or eliminating cancerous cells. 
  • Chemotherapy - usually a medicine given away to patients infected with any form of cancer, in order to kill cancer cells. 
  • Ablation Therapy - Doctor uses heat, lasers or inject a type of alcohol or acid, into the liver affected blood stream 

Dr N.P Kamalesh a well known Gastrointestinal and Laparoscopic Surgeon offers advanced Liver Cancer Treatment in Kochi.

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