Monday, 21 November 2016

Spot Cancer Early and Save Your Life

A gallbladder is located beneath the liver on the right side of the upper abdomen. The liver secretes a dark green fluid called bile that is stored in the gall bladder.  Bile is important to break down the food components into nutrients which are absorbed by the intestines.

Gallbladder Cancer is rare cancer that occurs in the tissue lining of the gall bladder. Though the causes for the GB cancer are unknown the risk factors for developing the hectic disease are detailed:
  • Porcelain gallbladder: In this condition calcium forms in the gallbladder wall and people with such condition have an increased chance of developing gallbladder cancer.
  • Gallstones and inflammation: Patients with the history of gallstones or gallbladder inflammation are prone to Gallbladder cancer.
  • Abnormal bile ducts: People who have congenital abnormalities of the bile ducts
  • Smoking: People who smoke frequent cigarettes
  • Obesity: Obesity increases the risk
  • Polyps: Presence of benign tumors in the gall bladder
Gall bladder cancer symptoms:
  • Fever with shivering and chills
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Loss of appetite and weight loss
  • Pain in the upper abdomen
  • Jaundice
  • Lump in the abdomen
  • Stomach bloating
Physical Examination: Through physical testing, physician can trace the abdominal lump
Blood Tests: Anemia, albumin levels are detected
Ultrasound: It helps to analyze the gall bladder status; any suspected mass within the organ
CT scan
Treatment depends on the stage of the disease, patient age, health and the time of diagnosis.
Surgery: Surgery is generally recommended in the early stage of gallbladder cancer. Removal of the gall bladder and the adjacent tissues, lymph node saves the patient from fatal. Sometimes liver surgery will be accompanied with gall bladder removal depends on the stage.
Surgical biliary bypass: During the surgery, if difficulty has been faced to remove the tumor entirely, then the surgeon will perform a bypass to relieve jaundice.
Endoscopy and Stent placement: This endoscopic procedure helps to drain the bile from the intestines. This will be performed at the end stage of cancer. With the help of endoscopy, a metallic expandable stent is placed into the bile duct.

Chemotherapy and Radiation therapy: These therapies are usually administered after the surgery.
PVS Memorial Hospital, Cochin offers excellent treatments for all Gastrointestinal Problems particularly Gallbladder cancer patients are well diagnosed and treated successfully.

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Liver Cancer Treatment in Kochi

The liver is one of the major organs of the body situated in the abdomen just beneath the ribs. It is responsible for production of bile which helps to break down the food particles into nutrients suitable for absorption. It is responsible for the conversion of absorbed nutrients into different forms of energy. It is also responsible for production hormones and other vital proteins which are essential for human body. Apart from these, it is responsible for metabolism control and production of required proteins necessary for blood clotting.

The liver is primarily affected by cancer which may arise in the liver or in other parts of the body which may spread to the liver. Most of the times liver cancer is metastatic which means the liver is affected by cancer caused in other body parts. Liver Cancer does not mean tumors formed in different parts of the liver. As the liver is made up of different types of cells, most of the tumors formed in the liver are benign. These types of tumors include cysts, fibroma, hemangioma, hepatic adenoma and focal nodular hyperplasia. All these tumors are easily curable by ultrasound and surgical treatments. Serious liver cancers include HCC (hepatocellular carcinoma) and cholangiocarcinoma.

It is difficult to detect liver cancer at an early stage as most of the liver cancers will not show symptoms at an early stage. As the tumor grows, following symptoms are visible in people:
  • Abdomen swelling
  • Weight lossLoss of appetite
  • The color change of eyes and skin to yellow.
  • Feeling pain on the right side of the abdomen.
  • Weakness.
Liver cancer can be detected by proper diagnosis. One can detect liver cancer by undergoing a blood test, which detects abnormalities in the functioning of the liver. An imaging test is another best way to detect liver cancer. Imaging tests include MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) and CT (computerized tomography) and ultrasound test. Another major test which can diagnose liver cancer is  biopsy. By undergoing liver biopsy test, one can detect liver cancer.
Based on the age and severity of the disease, different types of treatments are offered to cure liver cancer. If the tumor is in an early stage, it can be removed by surgery. If the liver is adversely affected by cancer then liver transplantation is a suggestible treatment to cure liver cancer. Ablation therapy, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy are some other treatments adopted based on the severity of the disease.
The hospital offers best Liver Cancer Treatment in Kochi with the help of dedicated team of doctors and other staff.

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